Political calculation: The maths behind the US Elections

The US presidential election on Tuesday could hinge on approximately a dozen swing states where the contest between Republican Donald Trump and Democrat Hillary Clinton is particularly tight.

The victor should get into the magic number of 270 electoral college votes — but hoping to anticipate the outcome is a complicated exercise in subtracting, adding and blending.

A total of 538 electoral votes are in play, corresponding to the whole number of elected representatives in Congress (435 members of the home and 100 senators) and three to the US capital Washington, DC.

Those who win a state’s popular vote are apportioned the state’s electors, the number of which is approximately based on its population’s size.

Florida is the mother of all swing states, together with 29 votes. It may make or break a candidate, like in 2000, if a few hundred votes separated Democratic rival Al Gore and president George W Bush.

Pennsylvania, with 20 electoral votes, and Ohio, with 18, are key, along with Colorado, North Carolina and Arizona.

Potentially, candidates could forge a path by winning states such as Nevada, Iowa and New Hampshire — or simply by winning a country that voted for the opposing camp.

Here’s a list of the major swing states, the number of electoral votes as well as the averages of recent polls through November 4 at a four-way race — such as the outsiders, Libertarian Gary Johnson and Green candidate Jill Stein, and that won the nation in the last two elections:

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Drug database is warned against by medical lobby

at 2015 recommended mandatory use of this prescription monitoring system once the update was complete. So physicians will be ready to utilize it when it comes 29, the task force advocated mandatory registration to the new system for all prescribers. Neither has occurred.

Graham, who has already tested a beta version of this new system, said it is “simpler,” but cautioned that mandatory use “has a lot of drawbacks”

Schuitmaker balked at assertions if physicians aren’t made to check it, more users would be attracted by the new strategy.

“If you truly need to save lives you need to make it mandatory,” Schuitmaker stated. “I think you’d have about the exact same success rate as today (should not), which is not good and it’s definitely not breaking down on the folks who are issues in the system.”

Statistics reveals a continuous growth in physicians accessing the machine since it came online in 2003. By 2009, the nation listed 444,485 questions . In 2016, the amount of inquiries had jumped to more than 4.6 million.

It is not possible to say what percentage of physicians use the machine frequently, however, because the condition keeps track of the number of licensed prescribers have been enrolled, not just how many actually use it.

State statistics show 38.2 percent of all authorized prescribers have a registered account with this program. The statistics also demonstrate that physicians made more than 4.6 million inquiries from 2016, but approved 21.26 million prescriptions. It is not clear because prescriptions aren’t broken down by condition reports from drug type, according to the state Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, just how lots of the prescriptions were opiates.

Physicians have a vendor that uploads it on the MAPS database and pulls prescription information, but physicians aren’t required to check that data after it’s uploaded, based on LARA.

Too few physicians check patients’ prescription history, said Kim Gaedeke. Gaedeke said the amount may be lower because a few are enrolled multiple times than indicated.

Other people in the medical care industry concur.

“The fad is something we would consider positive. (But) it’s not a substantial number,” explained Eric Roath, director of professional practice for the Michigan Pharmacists Association. His firm supports laws to require that the new database is used by physicians.

“It is essential for prescribers to understand everything that their patients are taking,” he explained.

The Michigan Automated Prescription System logs how many times the machine is assessed by physicians or their designees, but doesn’t break down the kinds of drugs. Here are the range of queries annually into the database.

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Maths ‘genius’ Maryam Mirzakhani dies, aged 40

WASHINGTON: Maryam Mirzakhani, an Iranian-born mathematician who had been the first woman to win the coveted Fields Medal, has died following a battle with cancer. She was 40.

Mirzakhani’ friend Firouz Naderi declared her death on Saturday (Jul 15) to Instagram, along with her relatives supported the death to the Mehr bureau in Iran.

“A light was turned off today. It breaks my heart … gone far too soon,” composed Naderi, a former manager of Solar Systems Exploration in NASA.

“A genius? Yes. But also a girl, a mother and a wife,” he added at a subsequent post.

Mirzakhani, a professor in Stanford University at California, died after the cancer she had been battling for four years spread to her bone marrow, Iranian media said.

Back in 2014 Mirzakhani won the Fields Medal, the equivalent of the Nobel Prize for Mathematics, which will be given by the International Congress of Mathematicians.

The award acknowledged her sophisticated and highly original contributions to the areas of geometry and dynamical approaches, especially in understanding that the hardness of curved surfaces like spheres.

She had already won the 2009 Blumenthal Award for the Advancement of Research in Pure Mathematics and the 2013 Satter Prize of the American Mathematical Society.

Born and raised in Tehran, Mirzakhani dreamed of becoming a writer, but at the time she began school.

“It is fun -? It is like solving a mystery or connecting the dots into a detective case,” she explained after she won the Fields Medal.

“I felt that this was something I can do, and I wished to pursue this route.”

Mirzakhani became famous for a teen, winning gold medals in both the 1994 and 1995 International Math Olympiads -? Finishing with a great score at the competition that is latter.

In 2008 she became a professor of mathematics at Stanford. She’s survived by her husband and girl.


Maryam Mirzakhani, an Iranian-born mathematician who had been the first woman to win the coveted Fields Medal, has died after a battle with cancer. She was 40.

Mathematics genius Maryam Mirzakhani won a series of honours during her career including the coveted Fields Medal in 2014 AFP/STR